Stages of Lymphedema

Lymphedema is a progressive disease and develops in stages which can be categorized according to severity.

Stage 0: the Latency Stage

A subclinical state where swelling is not evident despite impaired lymph transport. This stage may exist for months or years before edema becomes evident.

Stage 1: Mild Stage

Early accumulation of fluid relatively high in protein content that subsides with limb elevation. Pitting may occur. An increase in proliferating cells may be seen. 

Stage 2: Moderate Stage

Limb elevation alone rarely reduces swelling and pitting may or may not occur as tissue fibrosis develops. 

Stage 3: Lymphostatic Elephatiasis (Severe Stage)

Pitting is absent and trophic skin changes such as acanthosis, fat deposits and warty overgrowths begin to develop. 

Seeking Treatment for Lymphedema

Early detection and management are essential in limiting the effects of lymphedema. Once lymphedema is diagnosed, the goal is to delay or even prevent the progression of the disease. JOBST® gradient compression garments help facilitate your patients’ commitment to compression therapy in all stages of management.

Gradient compression garments are one of the leading and most effective management options for long-term lymphedema treatment.